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    Die Literaturhinweise sind thematisch sortiert nach den Kategorien:
  1. Lesbengesundheit und Lesbengesundheitsforschung
  2. Andere Lesbenforschung
  3. Aktuelles zur Medikalisierung lesbischer Lebensweisen (ab ca. 1980)

Lesbengesundheit und Lesbengesundheitsforschung

(2) Ohms,C. Lesben und Gesundheit - eine Kurzzusammenfassung des ersten Frauengesundheitsberichts 2001 für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland und einer Studie von Theo Sandfort, der sich mit den psychischen Gesundheitsauswirkungen des Lesbisch- bzw. Schwulseins befasst. 2002. http://141.90.2.11/homosexualitaet/referat/rtlesb/rtlesb2-zus_studien.html

(4) Kentenich,H, 2002, [Changes of the German embryo protection law from a physician's point of view] Änderungsbedarf des Embryonenschutzgesetzes aus ärztlicher Sicht: Z.Arztl.Fortbild.Qualitatssich., v. 96, p. 379-385.

(5) Moosmann,EB, 1989, [Accepting the sexual orientation of female patients. Sexual practices--genital diseases] Sexuelle Orientierung der Patientin akzeptieren. Folge 5: Sexualpraktiken--Genitale Erkrankungen: Fortschr.Med., v. 107, p. 22-23.

(6) Froschl,M, J Ring, O Braun-Falco, 1987, [Sex behavior and sexually transmissible diseases] Sexualverhalten und sexuell übertragbare Krankheiten: Urologe A, v. 26, p. 273-276. Abstract: Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are no longer limited to the classic venereal diseases. A great number of viral and bacterial infections can be transmitted by sexual intercourse. Changes in social structures and advances in medicine in recent decades have resulted in greater liberality among the heterosexual and homosexual populations. The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) has introduced a new dimension to discussions on sexual behavior

(7) Kuby,AH, 1979, [Our troubles with sexuality] Unsere Schwierigkeiten mit der Sexualität: Schwest.Rev., v. 17, p. 24-25.

(9) Wuthrich,U, 1996, [Homosexual patients in the hospital--not yet a matter of course] Homosexuelle im Spital--noch keine Selbstverständlichkeit: Krankenpfl.Soins.Infirm., v. 89, p. 25.

(10) Wiedemann,HG, 1992, [Homosexuality] Homosexualität: Dtsch.Krankenpflegez., v. 45, p. 188-190.

(11) Fritsche,D, 2003, [Tolerance and understanding in in alternative life styles] Toleranz und Verständnis fur andere Lebensentwürfe: Pflege.Aktuell., v. 57, p. 574-575.

(12) Fobair, P. et al., "Comparison of lesbian and heterosexual women's response to newly diagnosed breast cancer," Psychooncology. 10, no. 1 (2001): 40-51.
Abstract: In a study comparing lesbian and heterosexual women's response to newly diagnosed breast cancer, we compared data from 29 lesbians with 246 heterosexual women with breast cancer. Our hypotheses were that lesbian breast cancer patients would report higher scores of mood disturbance; suffer fewer problems with body image and sexual activity; show more expressiveness and cohesiveness and less conflict with their partners; would find social support from their partners and friends; and would have a poorer perception of the medical care system than heterosexual women. Our predictions regarding sexual orientation differences were supported for results regarding body image, social support, and medical care. There were no differences in mood, sexual activity or relational issues. Not predicted were differences in coping, indicating areas of emotional strength and vulnerability among the lesbian sample

(13) Matthews, A. K. et al., "A qualitative exploration of the experiences of lesbian and heterosexual patients with breast cancer," Oncol.Nurs.Forum 29, no. 10 (2002): 1455-1462.
Abstract: PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore similarities and differences between lesbian and heterosexual survivors of breast cancer regarding cancer experiences, medical interactions related to cancer treatment, and quality of life (QOL). DESIGN: Qualitative study using focus groups. SETTING: Urban, community-based health center. SAMPLE: A convenience sample of lesbians (n = 13) and heterosexual women (n = 28) with a diagnosis of breast cancer within the past five years. Participants were recruited via posted advertisements. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted as part of a larger study exploring coping and adjustment in lesbian survivors of breast cancer. Transcribed focus group data were analyzed through thematic and representative case study methods. MAIN RESEARCH VARIABLES: Broad aspects of medical interactions and the patient-provider relationship that may be associated with improved QOL of lesbian and heterosexual patients with cancer. FINDINGS: Data suggested similarities between lesbians and heterosexual women in their overall QOL. However, differences did emerge between the groups. Lesbians reported higher stress associated with diagnosis, lower satisfaction with care received from physicians, and a trend toward lower satisfaction with the availability of emotional support. CONCLUSIONS: Study findings have important implications for future research on adjustment and coping among lesbian patients with breast cancer and for the improvement of their mental and physical healthcare services. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Study findings may help improve healthcare services for lesbians with cancer

(14) Frisch, M. et al., "Cancer in a population-based cohort of men and women in registered homosexual partnerships," Am.J.Epidemiol. 157, no. 11 (2003): 966-972.
Abstract: Cancer patterns among broad populations of homosexual men and women have not been studied systematically. The authors followed 1,614 women and 3,391 men in Denmark for cancer from their first registration for marriage-like homosexual partnership between 1989 and 1997. Ratios of observed to expected cancers measured relative risk. Women in homosexual partnerships had cancer risks similar to those of Danish women in general (overall relative risk (RR) = 0.9, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.6, 1.4), but only one woman developed cervical carcinoma in situ versus 5.8 women expected (RR = 0.2, 95% CI: 0.0, 0.97). Overall, men in homosexual partnerships were at elevated cancer risk (RR = 2.1, 95% CI: 1.8, 2.5), due mainly to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-associated Kaposi's sarcoma (RR = 136, 95% CI: 96, 186) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (RR = 15.1, 95% CI: 10.4, 21.4). Anal squamous carcinoma also occurred in excess (RR = 31.2, 95% CI: 8.4, 79.8). After exclusion of Kaposi's sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and anal squamous carcinoma, no unusual cancer risk remained (RR = 1.0, 95% CI: 0.8, 1.3). With anal squamous carcinoma and HIV/AIDS-associated cancers as notable exceptions in men, cancer incidence rates among homosexual persons in marriage-like partnerships are similar to those prevailing in society at large

(15) Fish, J. and S. Wilkinson, "Understanding lesbians´ healthcare behavior: the case of breast self-examination," Social Science & Medicine 56 (2003): 235-245.
Abstract: Lesbians' risk of breast cancer is a much-debated issue in health research because lesbians are believed to be at higher risk of the disease than are heterosexual women. This belief is based upon particular risk factors for breast cancer, which are said to be more prevalent in lesbians; and upon differences in preventive health behaviours: in particular, lesbians are said to be less likely to practise breast self-examination (BSE). This paper presents data collected as part of the UK Lesbians and Healthcare Survey (n = 1066) focusing on lesbians who report never practising BSE (n = 218, 20%) and the explanations they offer for their healthcare behaviours. It identifies six types of explanation for not practising BSE: (i) "I don't know what I'm looking for"; (ii) "I've never got into the habit"; (iii) "I'm frightened in case I find something"; (iv) "I don't think I'm at much risk"; (v) "I'm uncomfortable with my body"; and (vi) "My partner does it for me". These findings are important for increasing understanding of lesbians' healthcare behaviour and for developing health promotion materials relevant to their needs

(16) Stadt Bremen: Frauengesundheitsbericht Bremen: Lesben als Patientinnen (2001) www.bremen.de

(17) Solarz (1999): Lesbian Health. Current assessments und directions for the future.
gilt als "der" US-amerikanische Bericht zur Lesbengesundheitsforschung
in Auszügen online lesbar im "Readingroom" von www.nap.edu

(18) Seyler H. Ignorieren und Totschweigen. an.schläge 2001;10-1.

(19) Burgert C. Was hat künstliche Insemination mit Reproduktionstechnologie zu tun? Überlegungen zum Kinderwunsch lesbischer Frauen. In: Streib U, ed. Von nun an nannten sie sich Mütter: Lesben und Kinder. Berlin: Orlanda Frauenverlag, 1991:55-70.

(20) Frauengesundheitsbericht Bremen 2001. Bremen: 2001.

(21) Lesbenaktionskomitee LAK Leibesfrüchtchen. Denn wir wissen, was wir tun. Lesben erfüllen sich ihren Kinderwunsch. 1995. Selbstverlag.

(22) Seyler H. Diskriminierung von Lesben in der Gynäkologie. Clio 1996;21:23-4.

(23) Steinbach M. Lesben als Patientinnen in der Gynäkologie. Clio 1996;4-7.

(24) Schuller D. Frauenalkoholismus - sind Lesben gefährdeter? 1985. Fachhochschule München, Fachbereich Sozialwesen.

(25) Hughes TL, Jacobson KM. Sexual orientation and women's smoking. Curr.Womens Health Rep. 2003;3:254-61.

(26) Hilgefort G. Handbuch HIV-Prävention für Mädchen und Frauen. Berlin: Deutsche AIDS Hilfe e.V., 2000.

(27) Hilgefort G. Lesbische und bisexuelle Frauen. In: Deutsche AIDS-Hilfe e.V., ed. Handbuch HIV-Prävention für Mädchen und Frauen. Berlin: Deutsche AIDS Hilfe e.V., 2000:107-8.

(28) Wer lutscht schon gern ein Dental Dam? Informationen für Frauen, die Sex mit Frauen haben. Berlin: 1996.

(29) Frauen und AIDS. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt Taschenbuch, 1994.

(30) Hauer G. Aids-Diskurs und lesbische Sexualität. In: Marti M et al., eds. Querfeldein. Beiträge zur Lesbenforschung. Bern: eFeF, 1994:55-64.

(32) Grellner W, Krull F. [Unusual motivation in double suicide of a lesbian couple. Phenomenology, psychodynamics and influence of contemporary values] Ungewohnlich motivierter Doppelsuizid eines lesbischen Liebespaares. Phanomenologie, Psychodynamik und Zeitgeisteinflusse. Arch.Kriminol. 1996;198:65-72.

Andere Lesbenforschung

(1) Knoll,C.; Edinger,M.; Reisbeck,G.: Grenzgänge. Schwule und Lesben in der Arbeitswelt; Profil Verlag: München; Wien, 1997.

(2) Akkermann, A.; Betzelt, S.; Daniel, G. Nackte Tatsachen - Ergebnisse eines lesbischen Forschungsprojektes; Selbstverlag: Berlin, 1989.

(3) Jensen,L, D Gambles, J Olsen, 1988, Attitudes toward homosexuality: a cross cultural analysis of predictors: Int.J.Soc.Psychiatry, v. 34, p. 47-57. Abstract: An accepting attitude toward homosexuality was studied in Spain, England, and Germany using samples of 2160, 1167, and 1296 respectively rendering a total sample size of 4623. A multiple regression analysis was used to demonstrate that approval of homosexuality could be predicted from basic demographics, family background, religious and political values. A causal model is introduced with demographic and family variables thought to first influence religion and political values and that these values would then directly impact on the acceptance of the belief that homosexuality can be justified

(4) Download der Münchner Umfrage zum Thema Gewalterfahrungen und Leben im Alter: http://www.muenchen.de/Stadtleben/Lebenslagen_Soziales/Lesben_Schwule/gleichgeschlechtl/58681/index.html

Aktuelles zur Medikalisierung lesbischer Lebensweisen (ab ca. 1980)

(1) Köhler,Th. (1999): Biologische Grundlagen psychischer Störungen. Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart.

(2) Neumann,F, 1985, [Regulation and determinants of sex behavior] Regulation und Prägung des Sexualverhaltens: Wien.Med.Wochenschr.Suppl, v. 91, p. 1-15. Abstract: One has to distinguish masculine sex behavior and estrogens alone or in combination with gestagens evoke feminine sex behavior. The central integrator for the induction of sex behavior is located in diencephalic nuclei. If sex hormones are lacking, the sex drive is fading off, except in women. Sex hormones are also responsible for the determination of those neutral centres controlling male or female sex behavior later in life in most species. Based on animal datas and on retrospective inquiries of homosexuals or mothers of homosexuals, a hypothesis for the etiology of homo-, bi- and hyposexuality has been developed by Dorner. Absence or deficiency of androgens in the critical phase of "brain differentiation" leads to male homo-, bi- or hyposexuality, respectively. If androgens become active in the critical phase of female differentiation, then the result will be female homo-, bi- or hyposexuality, respectively. This hypothesis will be critical evaluated

(3) Müller,M, F Bidlingmaier, C Forster, D Knorr, 1982, [Psychosexual behavior of females with adrenogenital syndrome] Psychosexuelles Verhalten von Frauen mit adrenogenitalem Syndrom: Helv.Paediatr.Acta, v. 37, p. 571-580. Abstract: 14 female patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia aged 18 to 30 years were interviewed on their sexual behavior and orientation. In addition they were tested on a personality questionnaire (Freiburger Personlichkeitsinventar). The majority of the patients was not handicapped in heterosexual life. Homosexual fantasies or experiences were not reported. In the personality dimensions "sociability" and "masculinity" the patients showed a tendency to enhanced scores compared to the norms, whereas in the other dimensions no difference could be demonstrated

(4) Grellner,W, F Krull, 1996, [Unusual motivation in double suicide of a lesbian couple. Phenomenology, psychodynamics and influence of contemporary values] Ungewohnlich motivierter Doppelsuizid eines lesbischen Liebespaares. Phanomenologie, Psychodynamik und Zeitgeisteinflusse: Arch.Kriminol., v. 198, p. 65-72. Abstract: Double suicides are regarded as uncommon phenomena. In particular, homosexuals are very rarely involved. It is reported on the unusual motivation of a dual suicide by hanging among two 20-year-old lesbian women. Due to abnormal psychic development and mutual induced reaction the thought of dying together and being reborn jointly in one person (a contemporary actor) arose. These ideas were influenced by spiritism and metempsychosis. The case is well-documented by diary records and will be discussed under phenomenological and psychodynamic aspects. Typical and atypical criteria of double suicides are featured

(5) Hinz,G, G Dorner, 1986, [Significance of hormones for sex specific brain differentiation and teratopsychophysiogenesis] Die Bedeutung von Hormonen fur die geschlechtsspezifische Gehirndifferenzierung und die Teratopsychophysiogenese: Z.Psychol.Z.Angew.Psychol., v. 194, p. 293-309.

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